Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia
This study adopts a single case study methodology in examining the impact of SC-DRR project in seven provinces and one city in Indonesia. The strategy of the research is to observe the effects of DRR project in both national and regional level. As a result, this study is able to present a comprehensive analysis of the project’s effects on local and regional development. This study also draws the necessary implications for future DRR project implementation.
The seismic zone of Sesar Opak is located in Sungai Opak, Yogyakarta. The study was conducted using different methods of seismology, including spectral and H/V analysis. The seismic data were then analyzed using TFA (Time Frequency Analysis).
In terms of climate change, Indonesia ranks 12th out of 35 countries in the world in terms of vulnerability to multiple climate hazards. This reflects the high risk of earthquakes, cyclones, floods, and drought. Similarly, the country faces heavy rainfalls nearly half the year, which can lead to flooding and landslides. Fortunately, Indonesia is already utilizing vegetation to combat climate change-related natural hazards.
Adaptive governance is required to manage various risks related to environmental hazards. These risks can be geological, hydrological, biological and societal. Adaptive governance involves preparing and managing these threats in order to regulate normal conditions while accommodating crises. It is essential to consider five critical factors that can affect the sustainability of the adaptive governance process, which are discussed in this article. It is important to note that each variable has its own characteristics, and a comprehensive approach to the study can help policymakers in planning and implementing adaptation.
MSPs are multi-stakeholder networks that collaborate to reduce the risk of disasters. Unlike traditional disaster-reduction approaches, MSPs are based on a polycentric approach, combining different types of organizations and stakeholders for a holistic approach. MSPs can be interpreted as multiple scales of governance with diverse mandates and roles. In the present study, we consider ten MSPs in Indonesia as a representative sample of these networks.
Impact of UK aid
The UKAid project in Indonesia supports the implementation of the DRR program and explores the context for UKAid in supporting SCDRR activities. The study also analyses the barriers to impact and explores the benefits of UKAid as a humanitarian aid. Finally, the project assesses the lessons learned and good practices associated with this project. Among other things, the project supports the development of disaster management instruments.